Human Rights Ranking 2004

 

 

This data has been lifted from Mark Gibney's Political Terror Scale to give a rough impression of how an Index might look. I have taken Mark's 2004 figures derived from Amnesty reports, and re-sorted them to form a ranking. The codes are 1-5, with 1 suggesting a reasonable government and 5 suggesting an oppressive regime. The descriptions under the data level are copied from Gibney, to show his methodology. Any errors arising from the copying and pasting of Mark's figures are entirely my own.

The country codes on the left belong to the World Bank, and those on the right are "Counties of the World" (COW) codes. The number in the middle is a numeric COW code.

It is interesting to note that the USA is at level 3 (along with Libya) and the UK level 2 (along with Cuba).

Level 1:
Countries under a secure rule of law, people are not imprisoned for their view, and torture is rare or exceptional. Political murders are extremely rare.
BHS 31 BHM 1 BAHAMAS
BHR 692 BAH 1BAHRAIN
BFA 439 BFO 1 BURKINA FASO
CAN 20 CAN 1 CANADA
CHL 155 CHL 1 CHILE
FIN 375 FIN 1 FINLAND
GIN 438 GUI 1 GUINEA-BISSAU
JPN 740 JPN 1 JAPAN
LVA 367 LAT 1 LATVIA
LTU 368 LIT 1 LITHUANIA

NZL 920 NEW 1 NEW ZEALAND
SEN 433 SEN 1 SENEGAL
SVN 349 SLV 1 SLOVENIA
SWE 380 SWD 1 SWEDEN
713 TAW 1 ?TAIWAN


Level 2:
There is a limited amount of imprisonment for nonviolent political activity. However, few persons are affected, torture and beatings are exceptional. Political murder is rare.
ARG 160 ARG 2 ARGENTINA
AUS 900 AUL 2 AUSTRALIA
AUT 305 AUS 2 AUSTRIA
AZE 373 AZE 2 AZERBAIJAN
BEL 211 BEL 2 BELGIUM
BTN 760 BHU 2 BHUTAN
BOL 145 BOL 2 BOLIVIA
BIH 346 BOS 2 BOSNIA & HERZEGOVENIA
BRN 835 BRU 2 BRUNEI DARUSALAM
BGR 355 BUL 2 BULGARIA
CAF 482 CEN 2 CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
HRV 344 CRO 2 CROATIA
CUB 40 CUB 2 CUBA
CYP 352 CYP 2 CYPRUS
CZE 315 CZE 2 CZECH REP.
DOM 42 DOM 2 DOMINICAN REP.
DEU*** 255 GMY 2 GERMANY
SLV 92 SAL 2 EL SALVADOR
EST 366 EST 2 ESTONIA
FJI 950 FIJ 2 FIJI
FRA 220 FRN 2 FRANCE
GHA 452 GHA 2 GHANA
GRC 350 GRC 2 GREECE
GTM 90 GUA 2 GUATEMALA
GNB 404 GNB 2 GUINEA
HUN 310 HUN 2 HUNGARY
IRL 205 IRE 2 IRELAND
ITA 325 ITA 2 ITALY
JOR 663 JOR 2 JORDAN
KAZ 705 KZK 2 KAZAKHSTAN
KWT 690 KUW 2 KUWAIT
KGZ 703 KYR 2 KYRGYS REP.
MKD 343 MAC 2 MACEDONIA
MDV 781 MAD 2 MALDIVES
MLT 338 MLT 2 MALTA
MAR 600 MOR 2 MAROCCO
NAM 565 NAM 2 NAMIBIA
NIC 93 NIC 2 NICARAGUA
PRY 150 PAR 2 PARAGUAY
PER 135 PER 2 PERU
POL 290 POL 2 POLAND
PRT 235 POR 2 PORTUGAL
SLE 451 SIE 2 SIERRA LEONE
SGP 830 SIN 2 SINGAPORE (?)
KOR 732 ROK 2 KOREA
SVK 317 SLO 2 SLOVAKIA
SLB 940 SOL 2 SOLOMON IS.
SWZ 572 SWA 2 SWAZILAND
CHE 225 SWZ 2 SWITZERLAND
TJK 702 TAJ 2 TAJIKISTAN
TZA 510 TAZ 2 TANZANIA
GBR 200 UKG 2 UNITED KINGDOM
ARE 696 UAE 2 UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
URY 165 URU 2 URAGUAY

Level 3:
There is extensive political imprisonment, or a recent history of such imprisonment. Execution or other political murders and brutality may be common. Unlimited detention, with or without a trial, for political views is accepted.
ALB 339 ALB 3 ALBANIA
ARM 371 ARM 3 ARMENIA
BLR 370 BLR 3 BELARUS
KHM 811 CAM 3 CAMBODIA
CMR 471 CAO 3 CAMEROON
TCD 483 CHA 3 CHAD
COG 484 CON 3 CONGO REP.
ECU 130 ECU 3 ECUADOR
GNQ 411 EQG 3 EQUATORIAL GUINEA
GEO 372 GRG 3 GEORGIA
GUY 110 GUY 3 GUAYANA
HND 91 HON 3 HONDURAS
IND 750 IND 3 INDONESIA
JAM 51 JAM 3 JAMAICA
KEN 501 KEN 3 KENYA
LAO 812 LAO 3 LAOS
LBN 660 LEB 3 LEBANON
LBR 450 LBR 3 LIBERIA
LBY 620 LIB 3 LIBYA
MWI 553 MAW 3 MALAWI
MYS 820 MAL 3 MALAYSIA
MRT 435 MAA 3 MAURITANIA
MEX 70 MEX 3 MEXICO
MDA 359 MLD 3 MOLDOVA
MNG 712 MON 3 MONGOLIA
MOZ 541 MZM 3 MOZAMBIQUE
NER 436 NIR 3 NIGER
PAK 770 PAK 3 PAKISTAN
PNG 910 PNG 3 PAPUA NEW GUINEA
ROM 360 ROM 3 ROMANIA
RWA 517 RWA 3 RWANDA
ZAF 560 SAF 3 SOUTH AFRICA
SAU 670 SAU 3 SAUDI ARABIA
ESP 230 SPN 3 SPAIN
SYR 652 SYR 3 SYRIA
TGO 461 TOG 3 TOGO
TTO 52 TRI 3 TRINIDAD & TOBAGO
TKM 701 TKM 3 TURKMENISTAN
TUN 616 TUN 3 TUNISIA
TUR 640 TUR 3 TURKEY
UKR 369 UKR 3 UKRAINE
USA 2 USA 3 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
UZB 704 UZB 3 USBEKISTAN
VEN 101 VEN 3 VENEZUELA
VNM 816 DRV 3 VIETNAM
YUG 345 YUG 3 YUGOSLAVIA
ZMB 551 ZAM 3 ZAMBIA
ZWE 552 ZIM 3 ZIMBABWE
TMP 860 ETM 3 ?

Level 4:
The practices of level 3 are expanded to larger numbers. Murders, disappearances, and torture are a common part of life. In spite of its generality, on this level terror affects those who interest themselves in politics or ideas.

AFG 700 AFG 4 AFGHANISTAN
DZA 615 ALG 4 ALGERIA
AGO 540 ANG 4 ANGOLA
BGD 771 BNG 4 BANGLADESH
BRA 140 BRA 4 BRAZIL
BDI 516 BUI 4 BURUNDI
CHN 710 CHN 4 CHINA
EGY 651 EGY 4 EGYPT
ERI 531 ERI 4 ERITREA
ETH 530 ETH 4 ETHIOPIA
IDN 850 INS 4 INDONESIA
IRN 630 IRN 4 IRAN
CIV 437 CDI 4 COTE D'IVOIRE
MMR 775 MYA 4 MYANMAR
NPL 790 NEP 4 NEPAL
PRK 731 PRK 4 NORTH KOREA
NGA 475 NIG 4 NIGERIA
YEM** 679 YEM 4 YEMEN
WBG 4 WEST BANK / GAZA
PHL 840 PHI 4 PHILIPPINES
RUS 365 RUS 4 RUSSIA
SOM 520 SOM 4 SOMALIA
LKA 780 SRI 4 SRILANKA
THA 800 THI 4 THAILAND
UGA 500 UGA 4 UGANDA

Level 5:
The terrors of level 4 have been expanded to the whole population. The leaders of these societies place no limits on the means or thoroughness with which they pursue personal or ideological goals.

 

COL 100 COL 5 COLOMBIA
ZAR 490 DRC 5 DEM.REP.CONGO
HTI 41 HAI 5 HAITI
IRQ 645 IRQ 5 IRAQ
ISR* 666 ISR 5 ISRAEL
SDN 625 SUD 5 SUDAN


Countries for which there is no data:


BRB 53 BAR 9 BARBADOS
BLZ 80 BLZ 9 BELIZE
BEN 434 BEN 9 BENIN
BWA 571 BOT 9 BOTSWANA
CPV 402 CAP 9 CAP VERDE
COM 581 COM 9 COMOROS
CRI 94 COS 9 COSTA RICA
DJI 522 DJI 9 DJIBOUTI
DNK 390 DEN 9 DENMARK
GAB 481 GAB 9 GABON
GMB 420 GAM 9 GAMBIA
GRD 55 GRN 9 GREENLAND
ISL 395 ICE 9 ICELAND
LSO 570 LES 9 LESOTHO
LUX 212 LUX 9 LUXEMBOURG
MDG 580 MAG 9 MADAGASCAR
MLI 432 MLI 9 MALI
NLD 210 NTH 9 NETHERLANDS
NOR 385 NOR 9 NORWAY
OMN 698 OMA 9 OMAN
PAN 95 PAN 9 PANAMA
QAT 694 QAT 9 QATAR
LCA 56 SLU 9 ST. LUCIA
VCT 57 SVG 9 ST. VINCENT 7 GRENADA
STP 403 STP 9 SAO TOME & PRINCIPE
SYC 591 SEY 9 SEYCHELLES
SUR 115 SUR 9 SURINAM
VUT 935 VAN 9 VANUATU
WSM 990 WSM 9 SAMOA

*See also West Bank and Gaza
**North and South Yemen were unified in 1990
***Germany was coded as East Germany until 1990


 
© 2001 R. Lawson This page was last updated on 3.10.05